Revitalization and Anti-ageing

Medical Revitalization and Anti-ageing treatment:

Burn-out syndrome – occupational stress General reduction in vitality Decrease of the immune system Premature ageing of various organs and systems: heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, digestive system, blood circulation Chronic pains: migraines, headaches, neuralgia, back pain, sciatica Physical and psychological fatigue Lack of energy, depression   Endocrine disorders Sexual impotency Problems related to the menopause Osteoarthritis Stress related effects on homeostatic systems Arteriosclerosis of the cardiovascular system

What does Medical Revitalization and Anti-ageing treatment consist of?

The particularity of this method relies on stabilization and conservation technique of fetal animal cell extracts. This method allows it to entirely preserve the efficacy of its active ingredients. The Cellvital® material is rigorously controlled on the bacteriological and viral levels. Consequently the quality, safety and efficacy of the treatment are assured. This conservation method is protected by an international patent. It respects the rules of GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) prescribed by the European Union, as well as the norms of Switzerland Clinics. This Swiss authority of supervision controls the safety, efficacy and quality of the products on the market.

Results – What are the effects of the therapy?

A considerable improvement of the resistance to physical and psychological fatigue. ◦ Burn-out syndrome – Occupational stress ◦ General increase in vitality ◦ Reinforcement of the immune system The effects of Cellvital® therapy can be felt progressively several weeks after the treatment. They last several years, depending on the physical condition and age of the person. Each patient receives a personalized treatment adapted to his general state of health and specific requirements. There is no age limit to start a therapy. It is recommended to repeat a therapy every 2 to 3 years depending on the health and needs of the patient.

La Prairie Clinic Switzerland.

This clinic is truly world renowned for revitalization and anti-aging as well as detox and cosmetic surgery. more…

Villa im Park

This clinic is truly world renowned for revitalization and anti-aging as well as detox and cosmetic surgery. more…

Biotonus Clinique Bon Port 1

This clinic is truly world renowned for revitalization and anti-aging as well as detox and cosmetic surgery. more…

Medical & Paramedical Care

  • Anti-Ageing & Revitalisation – General Medicine
  • Detox Treatment – Functional Rehabilitation
  • Stress Management – Post-Operative Stays
  • Weight Management – Addiction
  • Diabetes Management – Aesthetic Medicine

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Treatment Of Trauma & Abuse

It is important to recognise that trauma develops from a combination of physical, psychological, biochemical, genetic and social factors. Our goal is to identify the underlying causes of the trauma and to restore healthy coping mechanisms so that our clients are able to lead a normal life. To reach this goal, we treat the entire person: body, mind and spirit. We use comprehensive laboratory testing to identify any physical, biochemical or neurochemical imbalances. We find that clients are unlikely to recover until their neurochemistry is functioning properly. We then use laboratory testing and psychological and other assessments to find out why our client is experiencing trauma or abuse and to help them develop healthy coping mechanisms. We treat clients who are suffering from trauma and abuse until they are functioning and living comfortably. A client’s symptoms (Acute Stress Disorder or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) may be severe enough to require inpatient care. Please see the Services section of this site to get a better understanding of the range of options. Biochemical Restoration is fundamental to lasting recovery The psychological impact of trauma can often be eliminated or reduced by correcting imbalances in brain chemistry and the central nervous system. We use diet programs, nutritional supplements and amino acids instead of prescribed medications to accomplish this goal.

Our holistic approach includes the following:

1 Our ultimate priority is to identify and treat the underlying causes of the trauma or abuse – physical, psychological, genetic, biochemical and social. 2 Upon arrival, our clients are admitted to our partner hospital (the Mannedorf hospital) under the care of our medical team, for one to seven days. 3 During our client’s hospital stay, our specialists complete a full medical examination, involving comprehensive biochemical and neurochemical testing, which includes a genetic swab and the sampling of blood, urine, saliva and hair. We also perform several other assessments, including psychiatric, social-chemical and nutrition-and-lifestyle. At this time, a trauma and abuse counsellor will be assigned and begin the counselling process. 4 On the basis of these assessments, working together with the psychotherapist and the client, we develop a detailed treatment plan which will determine the length of primary treatment, normally lasting from six to twelve weeks. 5 Upon leaving the hospital, our client moves to one of our exclusive, luxury residences. 6 Our treatment of the underlying causes of the trauma or abuse includes creating a tailor-made formulation of micronutrients and amino acids to counter any imbalances that are identified in the biochemical and neurochemical testing. This formulation is as unique as the client’s fingerprint. The laboratory findings are also used to determine the menu cooked by the client’s personal gourmet chef, to maximize the biochemical and neurochemical restoration process. 7 Medication is prescribed only as a last resort, when symptoms are severe and fail to respond to Biochemical Restoration and other forms of therapy. Our goal is for clients to be drug free and, just as importantly, free of their side-effects. 8 We will, when possible, invite the client’s most important family members to attend a 2-day Family Systems Therapy program during the client’s treatment. This is not mandatory, but we strongly encourage it. The participating family members will gain an understanding of their loved one’s disorder and how they are involved in it. Such therapy can result in family members themselves deciding to seek treatment to address their own dysfunctional behaviour and pain. 9 Continuing care is crucial to long-term recovery. It is relatively easy for a client to be abstinent in the clinical environment, whereas the real challenge is for them to remain abstinent and to continue their recovery after returning home. To address this, we have a Continuing Care Program which can include a mentor or psychotherapist returning home with the client to support their re-engagement with their home, family, work, school and friends. Just as importantly, the psychotherapist helps the client to adapt their lifestyle to their recovery program. Other elements of the program can include daily telephone/Skype calls for the first critical period of time and return visits to the Kusnacht Practice (or home visits by a member of our clinical team), at first on a monthly basis, then quarterly for the first year and then at a declining frequency until the end of year two. Continuing care can last from anywhere between a few days to 2 years and, combined with 12-Step support groups, it greatly increases the likelihood of a long-term recovery.

Individualized Treatment

The Kusnacht Practice provides an individualized treatment approach to meet the precise needs of each client. We only treat clients individually, not in groups, so our entire clinical team (comprising doctors, psychiatrists, psychotherapists, counsellors and nutritionists) and our complementary therapy team (comprising yoga instructors, acupuncturists, reflexologists, masseurs and personal trainers) work with just one client and their family. We look beneath the symptoms as a way to understand the function of addictive behaviour in the client’s life. Once we identify the underlying causes of our client’s disorder, we treat them using research-based interventions.

A unique and effective approach

We work with clients to help them regain control over their symptoms, to resolve trauma and to enable them to develop the skills necessary to let go of addictive thinking and behaviour in their day-to-day lives. We use pharmaceuticals only as a last resort. Treatment may include some or all of the following: 1 Detoxification to rid the body of the toxins it has accumulated from our environment and the food, water and drugs that we ingest. This helps to stop craving. We use saunas, special detox agents, diet and exercise to achieve this. 2 Testing and laboratory work to determine the biochemical and neurochemical imbalances of each client. Based on these results, we produce a computer-generated formulation of micronutrients and amino acids to restore biochemical and neurochemical balance. The formulation is as unique as the client’s fingerprint. The laboratory findings are also used to determine the menu cooked by the client’s personal gourmet chef, to maximise the biochemical and neurochemical restoration process. 3 Psychotherapy to discover and treat the underlying psychological issues that led to the onset of the trauma or abuse and any other psychiatric, personality, social or family issues identified in the treatment plan. Psychotherapy can involve: Cognitive therapies Clinical hypnotherapy/trance work Mindfulness work Somatic experiencing EMDR to erase triggers and stressors Positive psychology Family systems therapy 4 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) – the use of magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to treat depression. 5 My Brain SolutionsTM – scientifically-designed computer exercises that target attention, memory, flexibility, stress-reduction and positivity. 6 Balancing Life ProjectTM – to help clients to define their life-goals 7 Complementary therapies, including: Yoga Meditation Personal Training Satori Chair Sessions Acupuncture Art/music therapy Reflexology Alpha-Stim Sessions to relieve pain, anxiety, depression or insomnia Massage Use of the spa at the The Dolder Grand Hotel 8 Nutrition and lifestyle coaching 9 An intensive Psycho-Educational program, including a handbook containing relevant topics for each client and family member involved in the treatment program. 10 Spiritual counselling. 11 A two-day Family Systems Therapy program. 12 Providing an intensive Continuing Care Program for the client and family members, which often involves a mentor returning home with the client to help them adjust to their new life.

Therapeutical Techniques

Alpha-stim Sessions

Alpha-Stimulation therapy, also known as Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES), is a non-invasive brain stimulation tool which applies small, non-painful, pulsed, electric currents across a client’s head. Such technology has existed for over 20 years and has been regulated by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since 1977. It has been used by over 10 million people worldwide and, increasingly, by the U.S. Military over the last 5 years to help treat sufferers of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. The therapy works by clipping two electrodes onto the client’s ears and increasing the amount of alpha waves in the brain. Alpha brain waves are associated with calm/relaxed, but alert, states of being, which help to calm the central nervous system. Alpha-stimulation therapy has been found to be effective in treating pain, anxiety, depression, insomnia, addictions and trauma. It represents a safe alternative to pharmaceutical medication, since there are no side-effects and no risk of chemical addiction.

Balancing Life Project

The Balancing Life Project™ is a reflective, dynamic, interactive tool of self-discovery, emotional awareness, insight and decision-making that helps participants better define and to create the life they want to live for themselves. It helps participants reflect on, weigh and balance their unique needs, wishes and desires regarding their personal, interpersonal and spiritual lives. The BLP paradigm is founded on the integration of multiple theoretical models including: Recovery and Relapse Prevention Theory Learning and Cognitive-Behavioral Theory Trauma and Body-Based Theory Attachment and Psychodynamic Theory Mother-Child and Neuroscience Research The BLP is designed to be introduced during residential treatment and then extended through the transition period into aftercare as a bridge during this critical time. It enables maximum leveraging of the residential experience, through the transition into aftercare, to help consolidate the client’s gains for optimal recovery and relapse prevention.

Cognitive Therapies

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that is usually delivered in one-to-one sessions with a psychotherapist over a number of sessions. During CBT, people identify the patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviours that reinforce their psychological disorder. They learn specific new strategies for breaking these patterns, and they practise these outside the therapy sessions, often keeping a diary of their experiences. CBT deals mainly with the present, rather than the past, and has a problem-solving style, with the person and their psychotherapist working in collaboration to find new solutions. CBT has been shown to be very effective for depression and anxiety disorders, and there is now good evidence that CBT tailored specifically for substance misuse can be effective treatment for both harmful use and drug or alcohol dependency. Depression and anxiety problems very commonly co-exist with substance misuse, and in such cases a CBT approach can be particularly valuable.

EMDR – Eye Movement Desensitisation & Reprocessing

From psychiatric solutions to performance enhancement EMDR is an acronym for Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, an innovative clinical treatment originated and developed by Dr Francine Shapiro in 1987. EMDR was initially used to treat traumatic experiences such as assault, road traffic accidents, war trauma, torture, natural or man-made disasters, sexual abuse and childhood neglect. Nowadays, it is used to treat several other mental health problems. EMDR is a complex method of psychotherapy which integrates many of the successful elements of a range of therapeutic approaches in combination with eye movements or other forms of bilateral stimulation. During EMDR sessions, the client attends to emotionally disturbing material in brief sequential doses, while simultaneously focusing on an external stimulus. EMDR facilitates the accessing of the traumatic memory network and the information is adaptively processed with new associations being made between the disturbing memory and more adaptive memories or information. This leads to more complete information processing, elimination of emotional and physical distress and the development of positive insights. EMDR is a three-pronged approach involving the processing of: 1. Past events that have laid the groundwork for the disorder 2. Present circumstances that elicit distress 3. Future templates dealing with potentially distressing situations in a more adaptive manner EMDR can be used to treat: [/col] [col column=”3″] 1. Depression 2. Anxiety disorders 3. Burnout 4. Alcoholism and other drug addiction 5. Eating disorders 6. Pathological gambling 7. Sex and love addiction 8. Codependency 9. Personality disorders 10. Chronic pain syndrome 11. Bipolar disorder EMDR is also used to enhance performance. Performance enhancement not only works with musicians, actors and athletes but also can be used with individuals who want to live more effectively.

Family Systems Therapy

Family systems therapy is derived from systems theory, which is the study of complex systems in nature, science and society. This theory and approach to treatment attempt to understand the individual client and their problem, within the broader context of the client’s personal environment – i.e. their family’s beliefs, values, and interpersonal interactions. In the past, family systems therapy would simply focus on the immediate “system” of parents and children. However, we are increasingly realizing one’s environment or “system” extends far beyond one’s immediate family, and can include aunts/uncles, grandparents, friends/loved ones, co-workers, jobs in certain industries, social networking/media influences etc. The proponents of family systems therapy believe that, regardless of the client’s problem, involving members of the client’s family system (however many are able and willing to participate) often benefits both the client and their family members themselves. Family systems therapy recognizes and emphasizes the importance of healthy family relationships as an essential part of psychological health for everyone involved. Indeed, clients who seek treatment on their own, without any family involvement, often revert to old, dysfunctional roles and patterns of interaction by unaware family members once they return home. This can often cause the individual to quickly relapse into their old addictions or other unhealthy lifestyles. Family therapy, therefore, is used to explore the interaction between the client and their families, and to deal with any problems in their relationships which may have reinforced the client’s harmful behaviours. Family therapy has been found to be beneficial in the following ways: 1. Creating stronger family unity 2. Deepening understanding and empathy for others 3. Creating healthier and more effective communication 4. Enhancing problem-solving skills 5. Enhancing overall family functioning

Mindfulness Work

Mindfulness work is an essential part of Buddhist practice and involves paying attention, moment-by-moment, without judgment and with acceptance, to everything that is happening both within and around ourselves. The concept and practice of mindful awareness has been around for thousands of years in Eastern cultures. However, it is only recently that Western medicine has started to research and discover the myriad physical and psychological health benefits associated with its practice. Cultivating mindful awareness of one’s body, mind and environment has been found to: 1. Decrease anxiety and rumination 2. Reduce stress 3. Help treat depression 4. Help treat addictive behaviours 5. Reduce blood pressure 6. Reduce both acute and chronic pain 7. Enhance overall physical and psychological well being The benefits associated with mindfulness work are thought to derive from enhancing one’s ability for attention regulation, body awareness and emotional regulation. Furthermore, mindfulness work is thought to expand consciousness, leading to enhanced feelings of well-being and increased physical and psychological health. By practising mindfulness, clients cultivate more awareness of the present moment and learn to become more aware of the presence of negative, dysfunctional thoughts and feelings which are disturbing in nature. Only when a client becomes aware of something can they begin to change and do something about it. Mindful awareness is often the first, big step in recognizing where problems or difficulties lie and how to address them. Such awareness is essential, since so many of us spend the majority of our lives on “automatic pilot” mode, completely unaware of who we are and why we do what we do.

My Brain Solutions

My Brain SolutionsTM is a scientifically-designed software program that targets attention, memory, flexibility, stress-reduction and positivity in a fun, user-friendly way. It functions by first acting as a validated “brain health assessment” device, which utilizes a combination of neuropsychological and psychological testing all performed by a computer. The results of this brain health assessment are then used to create a set of personalized emotional and cognitive “play exercises” which are performed daily for 10-15 minutes by the client. Such play exercises have been specifically designed to help improve brain health and emotional self-regulation by helping clients to cope with stress, to remain positive and to think more clearly. Essentially, it provides the brain with the equivalent of a gym workout and helps improve the brain’s overall fitness, which then allows clients to improve their focus and concentration on other therapies in which they are participating in, as well as on their overall recovery. My Brain SolutionsTM software has been found to be most beneficial in treating addictions, depression and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The following physical and psychological health benefits have been associated with its use: Increased self-regulation skills Increased resiliency Increased social skills Increased awareness Increased attention and concentration Increased ability to manage stress

Positivie Psychology

The positive psychology movement, which began in the late 1990s, arose out of an attempt to correct the imbalance in understanding what factors help individuals and communities to thrive. The adherents of this movement study the conditions and processes that contribute to the flourishing, or optimal functioning, of people, groups and institutions. Positive psychologists believe that by focusing on and exploring strengths, rather than exclusively focusing on weaknesses, people will develop better self-esteem, optimism and a sense of purpose that will not only aid in overcoming the damage of disease, stress, and disorder but, furthermore, will help them to achieve more authentic, meaningful lives. As regards clinical work/therapy from a positive psychology perspective, equal weight is placed on both positive and negative functioning when understanding and treating distress. Commonly, “positive interventions” are used by therapists to help increase positive feelings, positive behaviours and positive thoughts, as opposed to always focusing on negative thoughts and behaviours. Positive psychology is used to complement behaviour-modifying psychotherapies, by enabling clients to develop and strengthen positive emotions. This allows clients to be content with their past and their present, and to have hope for the future. Clients learn to identify and improve their perceptions of themselves and how to improve their relationships with those around them.

Satori Chair Sessions

The Satori Chair is a zero-gravity lounge chair which gently delivers specific vibrational frequencies throughout the body, thereby balancing our bodies’ energy centres. It does this by combining vibrational frequencies with Quantum Harmonics sound and music delivered through state of the art headphones. Experiencing this combination of vibration and sounds guides one’s body and brain waves to deep levels of relaxation and meditative states. It is during such deep states of relaxation and meditation that real mind/body rejuvenation occurs. There is increasing scientific evidence to demonstrate that music/sounds have a profound effect on our mind and body. Sound and music therapy is increasingly used to help treat cancer patients, people with ADHD, people recovering from addictions and anyone interested in reducing stress and increasing calm in their lives. The U.S. military recently began using the Satori Chair to help combat troops returning from the front lines to more quickly self-regulate their minds and bodies in order to reduce the likelihood of developing debilitating depression, anxiety and/or trauma. Satori Chair sessions are similar to neuro-feedback in terms of their impact on the mind and body, utilising a combination of guided imagery and visualisation, with stimulation of the body and mind through vibrational senses.

Somatic Experiencing

Somatic experiencing is used to relieve the symptoms of mental and physical disorders by focusing on the client’s perceived body sensations (or somatic experiences). Somatic experiencing is a form of Trauma Therapy that was originally developed by Dr. Peter Levine in 1997. It is based on his observations of how animals in the wild react to and recover from life-threatening situations. From this perspective, trauma symptoms are a dysregulation of one’s autnonomic nervous system. Under “normal” circumstances, our autonomic nervous system helps to regulate many areas of our bodies’ functioning. However, following a traumatic incident, our bodies often become stuck in a trauma reaction mode in which the body is unable to regulate itself and restore normal, healthy bodily functions. Dr. Levine noticed how, in the wild, animals are able to “reset” their autonomic nervous system by discharging the excess trauma energy – once they are safe from the threat – through shaking, trembling or deep spontaneous breaths. Somatic experiencing works in a similar fashion by helping one’s body to discharge excess/stuck traumatic energy and to restore our body’s ability to self-regulate. This approach to working with trauma does not involve talking about the traumatic event but, instead, works by educating individuals on how their body regulates stress and teaching them how to track related physical sensations/feelings/thoughts connected with the traumatic experience. It helps clients to recognise the existence of physical tension that remains in the body after a traumatic episode and to facilitate the release of such tension, which otherwise can reinforce addictive behaviour and physiological disorders of all kinds.

Trance Work/clinical Hypnotherapy

Trance work/clinical hypnotherapy is a tool used by certain, trained therapists to help clients access subconscious thoughts, feelings and emotions which often keep people stuck in harmful or destructive behaviours, or ways of being. Hypnosis is, simply speaking, an altered state of consciousness—one that is defined by a very pleasant state of relaxation, which can be used by a trained therapist to communicate directly with the subconscious part of our minds, helping to motivate and drive meaningful change from deep within our self. Hypnotherapy uses guided relaxation, intense concentration and focused attention to create a heightened state of awareness, sometimes referred to as a “trance”. When in this trance state, a client’s attention is so focused that they are often unaware of anything else going on around them and they are completely focused on the words or tasks being directed by the therapist. This very relaxed, but present, state of mind permits people to explore difficult thoughts, feelings or memories which are otherwise hidden from the conscious mind. It can be used in two ways: suggestion therapy or analysis. Suggestion therapy utilizes the trance state to help people respond more fully and effectively to suggestions made by the therapist, such as changing certain problematic behaviours (e.g. smoking or nail-biting) and helping people to alter their perceptions or sensations when dealing with issues such as pain management. Hypnotherapy, in the context of analysis, utilizes the very relaxed, trance-like state to explore past traumas and other root causes of psychological distress, which have been hidden or buried in one’s unconscious. Once this unconscious or traumatic memory is revealed, it can be further addressed and resolved in psychotherapy. Hypnotherapy is not dangerous and it does not involve mind control or brain washing. The therapist cannot make the person being hypnotized do something that the person does not want to do. Hypnotherapy has been found to be very helpful in the treatment of the following: Anxiety Depression Addictions and other behavioural problems Phobias Insomnia and other sleep disorders Stress Grief and loss Pain management Post-traumatic Anxiety

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain, in order to improve symptoms of depression. It works by placing an electromagnet over a small area of the scalp/brain, which is known to regulate mood, and then stimulates this area of the brain by inducing an electrical current and resulting action potentials, in specific nerve cells within this brain region. The electromagnetic pulses pass easily and painlessly through the skull and into the brain. A typical session lasts under an hour and involves repeated pulses. When these pulses are administered in rapid succession, it is referred to as repetitive TMS or (RTMS), which can produce longer, lasting changes in brain activity. This treatment approach is very different from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), in which an electrical current is actually delivered throughout the brain. RTMS is still a fairly new form of treatment for depression, however scientists believe that magnetic stimulation can reset brain wave frequencies to normal levels, thereby improving symptoms of depression. This form of treatment is usually recommended only after medication and psychotherapies have failed to work for an individual.

Treatment Of Pathological Gambling

It is important to recognise that pathological gambling develops from a combination of physical, psychological, genetic, biochemical and social factors. Our goal is to identify the underlying causes of the disorder and to restore healthy coping mechanisms so that our clients are able to lead a normal life.

To reach this goal, we treat the entire person: body, mind and spirit. We use comprehensive laboratory testing to identify any physical, biochemical or neurochemical imbalances. We find that clients are unlikely to recover until their neurochemistry is functioning properly. We then use laboratory testing and psychological and other assessments to find out why our client has adopted pathological gambling as a survival strategy and to help them develop healthy coping mechanisms.

Our holistic approach for all patients, regardless of their gender or sexual orientation, includes the following: 1 Our ultimate priority is to identify and treat the underlying causes of the disorder – physical, psychological, genetic, biochemical and social. 2 Upon arrival, our clients are admitted to our partner hospital (the Mannedorf hospital) under the care of our medical team, for one to seven days. 3 During our client’s hospital stay, our specialists complete a full medical examination, involving comprehensive biochemical and neurochemical testing, which includes a genetic swab and the sampling of blood, urine, saliva and hair. We also perform several other assessments, including psychiatric, social-chemical and nutrition-and-lifestyle.

At this time, a sexual addiction disorders counsellor will be assigned and begin the counselling process. 4 On the basis of these assessments, working together with the psychotherapist and the client, we develop a detailed treatment plan which will determine the length of primary treatment, normally lasting from six to twelve weeks. 5 Upon leaving the hospital, our client moves to one of our exclusive, luxury residences. 6 Our treatment of the underlying causes of the disorder includes creating a tailor-made formulation of micronutrients and amino acids to counter any imbalances that are identified in the biochemical and neurochemical testing.

This formulation is as unique as the client’s fingerprint. The laboratory findings are also used to determine the menu cooked by the client’s personal gourmet chef, to maximize the biochemical and neurochemical restoration process. 7 Medication is prescribed only as a last resort, when symptoms are severe and fail to respond to Biochemical Restoration and other forms of therapy. Our goal is for clients to be drug free and, just as importantly, free of their side-effects. 8 We will, when possible, invite the client’s most important family members to attend a 2-day Family Systems Therapy program during the client’s treatment.

This is not mandatory, but we strongly encourage it. The participating family members will gain an understanding of their loved one’s disorder and how they are involved in it. Such therapy can result in family members themselves deciding to seek treatment to address their own dysfunctional behaviour and pain. 9 Continuing care is crucial to long-term recovery. It is relatively easy for a client to be abstinent in the clinical environment, whereas the real challenge is for them to remain abstinent and to continue their recovery after returning home.

To address this, we have a Continuing Care Program which can include a mentor or psychotherapist returning home with the client to support their re-engagement with their home, family, work, school and friends. Just as importantly, the psychotherapist helps the client to adapt their lifestyle to their recovery program. Other elements of the program can include daily telephone/Skype calls for the first critical period of time and return visits to the Kusnacht Practice (or home visits by a member of our clinical team), at first on a monthly basis, then quarterly for the first year and then at a declining frequency until the end of year two. Continuing care can last from anywhere between a few days to 2 years and, combined with 12-Step support groups, it greatly increases the likelihood of a long-term recovery.

Individualized Treatment

The Kusnacht Practice provides an individualized treatment approach to meet the precise needs of each client. We only treat clients individually, not in groups, so our entire clinical team (comprising doctors, psychiatrists, psychotherapists, counsellors and nutritionists) and our complementary therapy team (comprising yoga instructors, acupuncturists, reflexologists, masseurs and personal trainers) work with just one client and their family. We look beneath the symptoms as a way to understand the function of addictive behaviour in the client’s life. Once we identify the underlying causes of our client’s disorder, we treat them using research-based interventions.

A Unique and Effective Approach

We work with clients to help them regain control over their symptoms, to resolve trauma and to enable them to develop the skills necessary to let go of addictive thinking and behaviour in their day-to-day lives. We use pharmaceuticals only as a last resort. Treatment may include some or all of the following: 1 Detoxification to rid the body of the toxins it has accumulated from our environment and the food, water and drugs that we ingest. This helps to stop craving.

We use saunas, special detox agents, diet and exercise to achieve this. 2 Testing and laboratory work to determine the biochemical and neurochemical imbalances of each client. Based on these results, we produce a computer-generated formulation of micronutrients and amino acids to restore biochemical and neurochemical balance. The formulation is as unique as the client’s fingerprint. The laboratory findings are also used to determine the menu cooked by the client’s personal gourmet chef, to maximise the biochemical and neurochemical restoration process. 3 Psychotherapy to discover and treat the underlying psychological issues that led to the onset of the disorder and any other psychiatric, personality, social or family issues identified in the treatment plan.

Psychotherapy can involve: Cognitive therapies Clinical hypnotherapy/trance work Mindfulness work Somatic experiencing EMDR to erase triggers and stressors Positive psychology Family systems therapy 4 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) – the use of magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to treat depression. 5 My Brain SolutionsTM – scientifically-designed computer exercises that target attention, memory, flexibility, stress-reduction and positivity. 6 Complementary therapies, including: Yoga Meditation Personal Training Satori Chair Sessions Acupuncture Art/music therapy Reflexology Alpha-Stim Sessions to relieve pain, anxiety, depression or insomnia Massage Use of the spa at the The Dolder Grand Hotel 7 Nutrition and lifestyle coaching 8 An intensive Psycho-Educational program, including a handbook containing relevant topics for each client and family member involved in the treatment program. 9 Completing some or all of the 12-Steps of GA. 10 Attending GA and other pertinent support group meetings. 11 Spiritual counselling. 12 A two-day Family Systems Therapy program. 13 Providing an intensive Continuing Care Program for the client and family members, which often involves a mentor returning home with the client to help them adjust to their new life.

Overview Of Addictions & Disorders

Alcohol

Alcohol is the most widely abused drug Many people do not understand why some individuals become addicted to alcohol. They mistakenly view alcoholism as a social problem and may consider those who become alcoholics to be morally weak. One very common belief is that alcoholics should be able to simply stop drinking and stay sober if they want to.

What people often underestimate is the complexity of alcoholism – it is a disease that changes the brain, which means that stopping is not simply a matter of willpower. Through scientific advances, we now know much more about how alcohol works in the brain and we also know that alcoholism can be successfully treated. With proper treatment, alcoholics can achieve sobriety and remain abstinent permanently. Long-term effects of alcoholism: Prolonged, heavy alcohol use can lead to addiction, as is the case with many other drugs, but long before the symptoms of long-term, chronic alcohol addiction occur, an individual will be addicted to alcohol.

Those who are able to stop drinking in the early stages of their addiction can avoid long-term physical and mental damage. Long-term symptoms of alcoholism: The sudden cessation of long-term, extensive alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms that occasionally lead to death. Therefore, the cessation of alcohol intake should always be carried out under medical supervision. Withdrawal symptoms include severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations and convulsions. Consuming large quantities of alcohol, especially when combined with poor nutrition, can cause permanent damage to the body’s vital organs, including the brain and the liver. Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with foetal alcohol syndrome who suffer from mental retardation and other irreversible physical abnormalities.

Furthermore, research indicates that the children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk of becoming alcoholics themselves. Do you think that you know the facts about alcohol abuse? If you consume alcoholic beverages, it is important to know whether your drinking patterns are safe, risky or harmful. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be an alcoholic, take our alcoholism self-assessment test or contact us.

Nicotine Addiction

6 million deaths each year are related to nicotine use Nicotine addiction is perhaps the most prevalent and visible type of chemical dependency in the modern world. Whereas many of us may go through our entire lives without (knowingly) meeting someone who is addicted to alcohol, prescription medication or other drugs, it is almost inconceivable that we have never come into contact with someone who is addicted to nicotine.

Nicotine itself comes from the roots and leaves of the nightshade family of plants, most commonly the tobacco plant. Once processed, it can be chewed, snorted or smoked. Undoubtedly, cigarettes are the most popular method of nicotine consumption. The World Health Organisation estimates that there are currently over one billion smokers in the world, of whom over 300 million try to stop smoking every year. Nicotine itself is highly addictive, as are many of the 4,000 chemicals found in tobacco smoke, of which at least 250 are known to be harmful. In fact, nicotine has also commonly be used in insecticides.

Nicotine’s popularity stems from the fact that it acts both as a stimulant and as a relaxant. The stimulation or “rush” which nicotine users experience comes from a release of glucose and adrenaline in the body, although long-term users may require increasingly large doses in order for them to feel such effects. Users describe a range of seemingly incompatible feelings when they intake nicotine, including increased focus, relaxation, attentiveness and calmness. Others use nicotine in order to suppress their appetite or to increase their metabolic rates, as part of a weight-loss regime.

The widespread use of nicotine is matched by the considerable range and extent of illnesses which long-term nicotine intake can cause. The World Health Organisation notes that tobacco use is responsible for the deaths of up to half of its users, with around 6 million people dying each year from a variety of tobacco-related illnesses, such as cancer or cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. More than 5 million deaths each year are the result of direct tobacco use, but another 600,000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke, with children representing 28% of the deaths attributable to second-hand smoke.  

In addition to the huge number of fatalities which occur every year from nicotine use, both direct and indirect users can also suffer a multitude of permanent health problems, such as birth defects, diabetes, asthma, blindness and reduced fertility. Even before such long-term health problems arise, nicotine addicts can suffer both physical and psychological consequences, such as a lack of energy, an inability to focus, general irritability, anxiety, depression or insomnia. The consequences of nicotine addiction can be gradual and almost imperceptible. Sometimes by the time a particular symptom is visible it is already too late and incapacity or death may result. While nicotine is sometimes viewed by many as a “soft” drug, or not even as a “drug” at all, our experience shows that those who are addicted to nicotine can often find it extremely difficult to achieve a lasting withdrawal.

Before arriving at The Kusnacht Practice, many of our clients have tried various methods to withdraw themselves from nicotine. The reason for many clients’ earlier failures is that they have often sought to withdraw themselves from the drug to which their bodies had become addicted without addressing the underlying problems that led to the addiction in the first place.

Thus, even if they had previously managed to remain nicotine-free for a period of time, their craving for nicotine returned at the same time as their underlying problems. At The Kusnacht Practice, we recognise that the reasons underpinning nicotine addiction come from a complex interaction of genetic, psychological and social factors that clients often fail to deal with, or even fail to recognise, during self-help attempts to achieve a lasting recovery. Our expert team uses a wide range of techniques, based on the very latest technology, to identify and treat the underlying causes of each client’s addiction. Our extensive and custom-designed treatment programs help clients to resolve any underlying trauma or anxiety which may have led to their addiction and resulted in previous attempts to quit being unsuccessful.

Drug Addiction

Drug addiction is a complex brain disease. It can be successfully treated Many people do not understand why some individuals become addicted to drugs or how drugs alter the brain to foster compulsive drug abuse. They mistakenly view drug abuse and addiction as social problems and may consider those who take drugs to be morally weak. One very common belief is that drug abusers should be able to simply stop taking drugs if they want to. What people often fail to understand is the complexity of drug addiction; it is a disease which affects the brain, which means that stopping drug use is not simply a matter of willpower.

From a medical perspective, this is equally true of addictions to street drugs, prescription drugs or alcohol. Through scientific advances, we now know much more about how drugs work in the brain and we also know that drug addiction can be successfully treated. With proper treatment, drug addicts can remain abstinent permanently and resume productive lives.

What is drug addiction? Addiction to street drugs and prescription drugs is a chronic brain disease that causes people to compulsively seek and use drugs, despite the harmful consequences to themselves and those around them. Drug abuse is considered to be a brain disease because it leads to changes in the brain’s structure and functioning. Although it is true that, for most people, the initial decision to take drugs was a voluntary one, over time the changes in the brain caused by repeated drug use can affect a person’s self-control and their ability to make rational decisions. At the same time, the brain sends intense impulses to take drugs.

These changes in the brain make it so challenging for an addicted person to stop abusing drugs. Addiction is a progressive illness, meaning that if the individual continues using or drinking it never gets better, only worse. Fortunately, researched-based therapeutic approaches exist to help people counteract the powerfully disruptive effects of addiction and to regain control over their lives. Just as other chronic diseases such as diabetes, asthma or heart disease can be managed successfully, so can drug addiction.

However, it is not uncommon for drug addicts to relapse and revert to destructive behaviour patterns. Relapse, however, does not signal failure – it merely indicates that treatment should be reinstated or adjusted, or that alternative methods are needed to help the individual to regain control and recover. The Kusnacht Practice identifies and treats the underlying causes of drug addictions, which significantly reduces the risks of relapse. Why do some people become addicted, while others do not? No single factor can predict whether or not a particular person will become addicted to drugs. The risk of addiction is influenced by a person’s individual biology, genetics, social environment, age and stage of development.

The more risk factors an individual has, the greater the chances that drug-taking will lead to addiction. For example: biology and Genetics:The genes that a person is born with, in combination with environmental influences, account for about half of their addiction vulnerability. Additionally gender, ethnicity and the presence of other psychological disorders may increase the risk of drug abuse and addiction. Environment: A person’s environment includes many different influences, from their family and friends to their socio-economic status and their general quality of life. The existence of factors such as peer pressure, physical and sexual abuse or stress can greatly influence whether drug abuse and addiction are likely to play a role in a particular person’s life.

Development: Genetic and environmental factors interact with critical developmental stages in a person’s life to affect addiction vulnerability. Adolescents experience a double challenge. Although taking drugs at any age can lead to addiction, the earlier that drug use begins, the more likely it is to progress to more serious abuse. Since adolescents’ brains are still developing in the areas that govern decision-making, judgement and self-control, they are especially prone to risk-taking behaviours, including experimentation with drugs. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may have a drug addiction, take our drug addiction self-assessment test or contact us.

Cocaine Addiction:

Addiction can occur extremely quickly Cocaine is a drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a potent brain stimulant and one of the most powerfully addictive drugs. Cocaine is distributed on the street in two main forms: cocaine hydrochloride (a white crystalline powder) and “crack”, which is cocaine hydrochloride that has been processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water into a freebase cocaine usually called crack, chips, chunks, or rocks.

Cocaine can be smoked, snorted or dissolved in water and injected. Short-term effects of cocaine: The short-term effects of cocaine/crack include: constricted blood vessels; dilated pupils; increased body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure; insomnia; loss of appetite; and feelings of restlessness, irritability and anxiety.

The duration of cocaine’s immediate euphoric effects, which include increased energy levels and mental clarity, depends upon how it is used. The faster the absorption rate, the more intense the high. However, a faster absorption rate also reduces the length of time for which the high lasts. The high which comes from snorting cocaine may last somewhere between 15-30 minutes, whereas the high from smoking crack cocaine may only last between 5-10 minutes. Cocaine’s effects are short-lived and, once the drug leaves the brain, the user experiences a “coke crash” that includes depression, irritability and fatigue.

Long-term effects of cocaine: High doses or prolonged use of cocaine can lead to paranoid psychosis. Smoking crack cocaine can result in particularly aggressive paranoid behaviour. When addicted individuals stop using cocaine, they often become depressed. Long-term use of cocaine can lead to a serious increase in blood pressure or bleeding in the brain which causes a stroke. Other complications include seizures, heart attack, brain haemorrhages and kidney failure. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may have a drug addiction, take our drug addiction self-assessment test or contact us.  

Heroin Addiction

Heroin is highly addictive Heroin is a white to dark brown powder or tar-like substance. It is a highly addictive drug which is derived from morphine and obtained from the opium poppy. It is a “downer” or depressant that affects the brain’s pleasure systems and interferes with the brain’s ability to perceive pain. Heroin can be used in a variety of ways, depending on user preferences and the purity of the drug. It can be injected into a vein (“mainlining”), injected into a muscle, smoked in a water pipe or standard pipe, mixed in a marijuana joint or regular cigarette, inhaled as smoke through a straw (“chasing the dragon”) or snorted as powder via the nose. Short-term effects of heroin: The short-term effects of heroin use appear soon after a single dose and disappear in a few hours.

After an injection of heroin, the user reports feeling a surge of euphoria (“rush”) accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, a dry mouth and heavy extremities. Following this initial euphoria, the user goes “on the nod” and is alternately alert and drowsy. Mental functioning becomes clouded due to the depression of the central nervous system. Other effects include slowed and slurred speech, slow gait, constricted pupils, droopy eyelids, impaired night vision, vomiting and constipation.

If the user takes too large a dose of heroin the heart stops, resulting in death. Long-term effects of heroin: The long-term effects of heroin appear after repeated use over a period of time. Chronic users may develop collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, abscesses and liver disease. Pulmonary complications, including various types of pneumonia, may result from the abuser’s poor health and from heroin’s depressing effects on respiration. In addition to the effects of the drug itself, street heroin may have additives which do not fully dissolve and which clog the blood vessels leading to the lungs, liver, kidneys or brain.

This can cause the infection, or even the death, of small patches of cells in vital organs. With regular heroin use tolerance develops, so the abuser must use larger doses of heroin to achieve the same effect. As higher doses are used over time, physical dependence and addiction develop. Physical dependence causes the body to adapt to the presence of the drug and withdrawal symptoms occur if use is reduced or stopped. Withdrawal, which in regular abusers may occur as early as a few hours after the last administration, produces drug cravings, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhoea and vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps (“cold turkey”), kicking movements (“kicking the habit”) and other symptoms. Major physical withdrawal symptoms peak between 48-72 hours after the last dose and subside after about a week. Sudden withdrawal can be fatal for heavily-dependent users who are in poor health. Psychological withdrawal can last for months. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may have a drug addiction, take our drug addiction self-assessment test or contact us.

Marijuana Addiction

One of the most difficult addictions to treat Marijuana is a green or grey mixture of dried, shredded flowers and leaves of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). Marijuana is the most commonly-used illegal drug in many countries, although some countries have legalized personal use. Cannabis contains approximately 400 chemicals, but its main active chemical which affects the brain the most is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol).

Most users roll loose marijuana into a cigarette called a “joint”, but it is also available in cigars called “blunts”. Marijuana (or “weed”) can also be smoked in a water pipe called a “bong”, mixed into food or brewed as tea. Marijuana addiction can be extremely difficult to treat because users are often in denial about it being a powerful drug that can lead to serious physical and psychological problems. This denial has much to do with the drug’s widespread use and cultural mystique. Short-term effects of marijuana:

The short-term effects of marijuana include problems with memory and learning, distorted perception (sights, sounds, time and touch), trouble with thinking and problem-solving, loss of motor-coordination, increased heart rate and anxiety. These effects are magnified when cannabis is mixed with other drugs. Long-term effects of marijuana: Long-term use can lead to paranoid psychosis, sometimes called cannabis psychosis, which can require long-term institutionalization.

Marijuana smoke contains some of the same cancer-causing compounds as tobacco, sometimes in higher concentrations. Studies show that someone who smokes five joints per week may be taking in as many carcinogenic chemicals as someone who smokes a full pack of cigarettes every day. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may have a drug addiction, take our drug addiction self-assessment test or contact us.

Prescription Drug Addiction

Prescription drugs are the third most commonly abused category of drugs The extent to which prescription drugs are abused is greater than the abuse of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine and all other drugs apart from alcohol and marijuana. It is estimated that nearly 20% of people in the United States have used prescription drugs for non-medical reasons.

Some prescription drugs can become addictive, especially when they are used inconsistently with their instructions or for reasons other than those for which they were prescribed. Prescription drugs that are easily abused include narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin or Vicodin, sedatives and tranquilizers such as Xanax or Valium and stimulants such as Dexedrine, Adderall or Ritalin. Some symptoms of prescription drug misuse: 1.Stealing, buying or forging prescriptions 2.Taking higher doses than prescribed 3.Excessive mood swings 4.Increase or decrease in sleep 5.Poor decision-making 6.Appearing to be high, unusually energetic or excited, or sedated 7.Continually “losing” prescriptions so that more prescriptions must be acquired 8.Seeking the same prescriptions from multiple doctors Who misuses prescription drugs?

Prescription drug abuse exists at roughly similar levels between men and women, with the exception of 12-17 year olds. Research has found that, within this age group, females are more likely than males to use psychotherapeutic drugs for non-medical purposes. Research has also shown that women in general are more prone to use narcotic pain relievers and tranquilizers for non-medical purposes. The elderly and the growing population of aging “Baby Boomers” are also prime candidates for prescription drug abuse and misuse, whether intentionally or otherwise.

Once someone begins taking a number of pills for reasons such as managing blood pressure and cholesterol, they can become more prone to taking narcotic pain killers, prescription sleep-aids and other more addictive drugs. Using multiple prescription drugs simultaneously also increases the risk of negative, and possibly fatal, interactions between drugs, especially when they are not being used as prescribed. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be abusing prescription drugs, take our drug addiction self-assessment test or contact us.

Eating Disorders

Eating disorders have their origins in a wide range of factors Eating disorders can have many different origins. For some people, they stem from a fear of growing up and assuming adult responsibilities. Others function well externally, but are deeply confused inside. Some are trapped in the role of perfectionism, being the good child.

Some have experienced trauma or tremendous pain during social interactions. Some clients’ families suffer from generations of unresolved trauma or are enmeshed and lack appropriate boundaries. A destructive survival strategy: Once an eating disorder takes hold as a survival strategy, it can take on a life of its own, creating a perpetual cycle of anxiety and isolation. As the cycle continues, it requires increasing amounts of the same behaviour to achieve the desired effect – more restriction, more food, more bingeing and purging, more diet pills, laxatives, exercise etc.

When someone seeks to disengage themselves from an eating disorder, the whole world can feel upside-down and, at first, impossible to manage. Working with one client at a time, the Kusnacht Practice teaches clients how to stabilise, rebuild and transform their lives. Early intervention is essential for overcoming eating disorders and helping to reduce their permanent physical and emotional consequences. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may have an eating disorder, take our eating disorders self-assessment test or contact us.

Anorexia Nervosa

A complex psychological disorder Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by self-starvation, restriction of food/calories intake and sometimes excessive weight loss. It is a complex psychological disorder that exceeds well beyond out-of-control dieting. Anorexia nervosa sufferers are often extremely concerned about their body weight, shape and size.

They may initially begin dieting to lose weight but, over time, their weight loss creates the illusion of mastery and control. It can become an obsession that is similar to drug addiction. Sufferers loses any perspective of their appearance and often don’t see the same person in the mirror as others see. No amount of dieting or starvation can satisfy their desire to be thin. Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of all psychological disorders. Many of its individual symptoms can have life-threatening consequences.

Early intervention is essential to overcome anorexia nervosa and to help reduce any permanent physical or emotional consequences. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may have an eating disorder, take our eating disorders self-assessment test or contact us.  

Binge-eating Disorder

Episodes of uncontrollable overeating Binge-eating is a pattern of disordered eating which consists of episodes of uncontrollable overeating. This bingeing on food is often a symptom of binge-eating disorder or of bulimia nervosa. A person may have bulimia if their binge-eating is followed by behaviours such as vomiting, laxative use or obsessive exercise.

During a binge-eating episode, a person rapidly consumes large quantities of food. Often binge-eating functions as a strategy to help the sufferer manage overwhelming emotions or stressful life events. Binge-eaters feel powerless and are unable to control their consumption of large quantities of food. Some people may engage in single episodes of binge-eating whereas others may binge throughout the day. Early intervention is essential to overcome binge-eating disorder and to help reduce any permanent physical or emotional consequences. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may have an eating disorder, take our eating disorders self-assessment test or contact us.  

Bulimia Nervosa

Eating and purging becomes obsessive Bulimia, or bulimia nervosa, is an eating disorder characterized by compulsive, secretive overeating or bingeing, followed by purging through vomiting or other compensatory behaviours. A person who suffers from bulimia may even purge normal amounts of food without displaying any bingeing behaviours.

As with anorexia nervosa, bulimia is a psychological illness. Both bulimia and anorexia nervosa extend beyond the scope of out-of-control dieting. The cycle of overeating and purging becomes an obsession, with sufferers unable to control their behaviour or break the cycle. The depression and guilt that bulimia sufferers feel after a binge forces them to act out and neutralize the food they have consumed, often in a violent fashion. Early intervention is essential to overcome bulimia nervosa and to help reduce any permanent physical or emotional consequences. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may have an eating disorder, take our eating disorders self-assessment test or contact us.  

Compulsive Overeating

Early intervention is fundamental to recovery Compulsive overeating is an eating disorder which causes a person to eat excessive amounts of food in an uncontrollable manner. It often involves consuming a large amount of calories in one sitting, but other compulsive overeaters consume food throughout the day, which is known as “grazing”.

For the compulsive overeater, overeating becomes a strategy to cope with overwhelming emotions or stressful life situations. It can create the illusion of relieving feelings of emptiness. Although sufferers are aware that what they are doing is abnormal, they are unable to stop or control their behaviour. When sufferers begin to gain weight, they often begin to diet. Unfortunately, this increases the urge to eat, which in turn leads to the next episode of compulsive overeating.

This creates a vicious cycle of overeating and restriction which triggers feelings of guilt, shame and depression. Early intervention is essential to overcome compulsive overeating and to help reduce any permanent physical or emotional consequences. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may have an eating disorder, take our eating disorders self-assessment test or contact us.

Depression

Depression has many different forms Depression is a condition in which people may have low moods, a loss of interest in everyday activities, feelings of low self-esteem, a lack of energy and poor concentration. All of these symptoms may last for lengthy periods. Depression can affect people of any age. Approximately 20% of people have experienced depression at some point in their lives. Symptoms of depression: Depression is characterised by a number of symptoms including: A continuously low mood, which may be worse in the morning Feeling irritable Crying a lot Loss of interest in social life Tiredness and poor concentration Difficulty in making decisions Feeling helpless, worthless or hopeless Feeling guilty

Having thoughts about death or suicide Anxiety Loss of sex drive (libido) Sleep disturbance – possibly taking one or two hours to fall asleep, waking up earlier than usual or sleeping all the time Disturbed eating patterns – either loss of appetite or overeating Developing or worsening unexplained aches and pains Physical slowness Complications of depression: At least half of those who have an episode of severe depression will encounter at least one more episode.

Those who are under 20-years old, or old-age people, are more likely to have multiple episodes of depression. Depression can also be associated with suicide: nearly two-thirds of those who commit suicide have depression. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from depression, please contact us.  

Trauma and Abuse

Symptoms can appear many years later Trauma is any experience which has a negative impact. It can vary from being chosen last for a school team, to experiencing a house fire or a divorce. The manner in which a particular person experiences an event, and what they say to themselves about it, can have long-term emotional effects. Abuse is a type of trauma which is experienced physically, emotionally, sexually, intellectually, spiritually or in any combination. When people are traumatized, whether the trauma occurred during childhood or adulthood, the pain remains within them until they are taught how to release it in a safe and healthy manner.

Feelings caused by trauma can result in dissociation, flashbacks, nightmares and addictive behaviours which are employed as strategies to mask emotional pain. Emotional numbness and sleep disturbances are also common symptoms of trauma, as are depression, anxiety and irritability. The symptoms of acute stress disorder (ASD) appear almost immediately after a person encounters trauma or abuse. They include numbness, difficulties in responding to normal life events and difficulty in controlling anger and suspicion. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can appear as a response to trauma or abuse anywhere from one month to years or decades after the traumatic experience. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from trauma or abuse, please contact us.  

Anxiety Disorders

We treat the widest range of anxiety disorders. Anxiety is a feeling of unease Anxiety disorders are conditions which cause severe or long-lasting feelings of anxiety that interferes with everyday life. The various types of anxiety disorders include: generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); acute stress disorder (ASD); obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD); and phobias. Everybody gets anxious when faced with a stressful situation, such as before an exam or a job interview, or at a worrying time such as during a serious illness.

It is perfectly normal to feel anxious when you face a difficult or dangerous situation. Indeed, mild anxiety can be a positive and useful experience. However, for approximately 10% of people, anxiety interferes with their normal life. Excessive anxiety is often associated with other mental health problems, such as depression. Anxiety is only considered to represent a psychological disorder when it is long-lasting and severe and when it interferes with a person’s ability to lead a normal life. Physical symptoms of anxiety disorders: The physical symptoms of anxiety disorders occur because of the body’s so-called “fight or flight” response, which is caused by the release of the stress hormone adrenaline. These symptoms may include:

Discomfort in your abdomen Diarrhoea Dry mouth Rapid heartbeat or palpitations Tightness or pain in the chest Shortness of breath Dizziness Needing to urinate more often than usual Difficulty in swallowing Shaking Psychological symptoms of anxiety disorders: These symptoms may include: Sleeping difficulties (insomnia) Feeling constantly worried or uneasy Feeling tired Being irritable or quick to get angry Inability to concentrate Fearing that you are “going mad” Feeling that you have no control of your actions, or that you are detached from your surroundings (derealisation) Self-harming and suicide: When anxiety disorders occur alongside other conditions, such as depression, schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, they can lead to self-harm or suicide. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from an anxiety disorder, please contact us.  

Bipolar Disorder

Extreme mood swings Bipolar disorder (sometimes still referred to as manic depression) is a psychological disorder which causes extreme mood swings, ranging from euphoria to severe depression. Unlike simple mood swings, each extreme episode of bipolar disorder can last for several weeks, or even longer, and some people may not experience a “normal” mood very often. During periods of depression, sufferers can experience feelings of worthlessness, which can lead to substance abuse or even suicide. Euphoric periods of mania, when the sufferer feels ecstatic, may not occur until a long time after a depressive episode, which is why many people suffering from bipolar disorder are wrongly diagnosed as experiencing depression.

During their periods of mania, bipolar disorder sufferers make poor decisions – they may spend extravagant amounts of money on things they don’t need or cannot afford and they may engage in risky personal or sexual activities. Some sufferers enjoy their manic periods, since they may lead to increased energy, activity and creativity, but others suffer psychosis and can become delusional and experience hallucinations. Research has shown that genetic, environmental and biochemical factors all play a role in the development of bipolar disorder. It affects males and females equally and can develop at any age, although the most common age period at which symptoms begin is in the mid-twenties. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from bipolar disorder, please contact us.  

Generalized Anxiety Disorder – GAD

Sufferers spend most of their time worrying Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) can be a long-term disorder which causes the sufferer to spend most of their time worrying about things that might go wrong. People with GAD experience days filled with exaggerated worry and tension, regardless of whether or not there are good reasons to provoke such feelings. They anticipate disaster and are overly concerned about issues such as health, money, family problems or difficulties at work.

Sometimes, the mere thought of getting through the day produces anxiety. People with GAD seem unable to discard or control their concerns, despite usually being aware that their anxiety is more intense than the situation warrants. Often, they also encounter difficulties in falling asleep or staying asleep. Physical symptoms which frequently accompany their anxiety include fatigue, headaches, muscle tension, muscle aches, difficulty in swallowing, trembling, twitching, irritability, sweating, nausea, light-headedness, frequent use of the bathroom, feeling out of breath and experiencing hot flashes. When their anxiety level is mild, people with GAD can function socially and maintain employment. Although their disorder doesn’t necessarily lead them to avoid certain situations, GAD sufferers can experience difficulties in carrying out the simplest daily activities at times when their anxiety is severe.

GAD affects twice as many women as men. It develops gradually and can begin at any age, although the years between childhood and middle age are the highest risk period. There is also evidence that genetics play a role in causing GAD. GAD rarely occurs alone and is frequently accompanied by other anxiety disorders, such as depression, or addictions. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from generalized anxiety disorder, please contact us.  

Obsessive Complusive Disorder – OCD

Repetitive thoughts and activities OCD consists of recurring obsessions and/or compulsions. Obsessions are recurring thoughts or images about specific things that trigger feelings of disgust. Common obsessions include a fear of germs, dirt or violence. Compulsions are thoughts or actions that people feel compelled to do or repeat. A compulsion is usually a strategy to ease the anxiety of an obsession, such as repeatedly washing your hands to deal with an obsession about dirt. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder, please contact us.  

Phobias

Sufferers experience disproportionate fear A phobia is a fear that is out of proportion to any real danger. If a phobia interferes with a person’s ability to lead a normal life, it may be considered as an anxiety disorder. Common phobias include a disproportionate fear of germs, crowds, heights, flying, spiders, mice, blood, injections or enclosed spaces.

Agoraphobia, another common phobia, is a fear of various places and situations, such as crowds or public places, and is often accompanied by panic disorder. Social phobia is one of the more common and complex phobias. It causes sufferers to experience tremendous anxiety when they are about to meet others, since they are overly worried about what people will think of them. One form of social phobia is severe anxiety about speaking or performing in public. It can even involve fear of making a phone call. It is perfectly normal to feel nervous about certain situations, but those who suffer from social phobia find many everyday activities impossible. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from a phobia, please contact us.  

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder – PSTD

PTSD symptoms can appear after many years PTSD may develop anywhere from one month to many years after a traumatic event. It can occur if someone has experienced or witnessed a traumatic event, such as a major accident, military combat or violence. Anxiety, which may come and go, is one of the symptoms of PTSD. Other symptoms include recurring thoughts, memories, images, dreams, or distressing “flashbacks” of the traumatic event. It is common to react with anxiety to a frightening experience and a person is only considered to be suffering from PTSD if these symptoms don’t go away. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from PTSD, please contact us.  

Sex and Love Addiction

Online pornography and cyber-sex have significantly increased addiction levels Unlike ingestive addictions, where a mood-altering substance is introduced into the body by one of several routes of administration, sex and love addiction is categorized as a process or behavioural addiction. Mood-altering substances work by biochemically increasing the levels of various neurotransmitters (chemicals which nerve cells use to communicate with each other) in the reward pathway (pleasure centres) of the brain. Sex and love addiction, by comparison, increases the levels of those same neurotransmitters via existing neural pathways originating in higher centres of the brain which control thought and volitional behaviour. If we say that drugs act “downstream” on neurons (nerve cells) located close to the pleasure centre, we can say that sex and love addiction acts “upstream” on neurons further away from the pleasure centre.

The essential point is that the final common pathway is the same in both instances, namely dramatically increased activity in the brain’s pleasure centres. The same types of neurotransmitters bombard the pleasure centre, whether one ingests a mood-altering drug, has sex or falls intensely “in love”. Just as chronic drug use leads to dependency, chronic repetitive bouts of sex and “love” lead to dependency on the compulsive acting-out of sexual behaviours and thoughts.

An excellent summary of the characteristics of sex and love addiction can be seen here. Anyone suffering from sex and love addiction will have little trouble identifying with many, if not all, of the characteristics mentioned in that link. The behaviours, thoughts and feelings involved in sex and love addiction leave the sufferer desperate and can result in a significant number of hurt people, destroyed relationships, confusion and pain. Those involved with sex and love addicts often feel as though they were mere objects that were used, manipulated and ultimately discarded. Most sex and loved addicts do not wish to be the kind of person they have become.

Given the complex feedback loops within the brain, and between the body and brain, these individuals suffer from a disorder of the body, mind and spirit. Sex addicts are overwhelmed with guilt (“I made a mistake”) and shame (“I am a mistake” or “I am defective”). Such feelings are potent triggers to continue acting-out sexual addiction behaviours and may lead to suicidal thoughts. Often such feelings stem from childhood sexual abuse or other forms of untreated post-traumatic stress disorder. The influence of the internet and cyber-sex Intensely provocative sexual chat-lines, images and videos are now available at virtually any time and place via the internet. Such communications and images are potent triggers to act out the behaviours of sexual addiction. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, is possibly addicted to sex and love, take the sex and love addiction self-assessment test or contact us.  

Pathological Gambling

Pathological gambling often leads to suicide “Any betting or wagering, for self or others, whether for money or not, no matter how slight or insignificant, where the outcome is uncertain or depends upon chance or ‘skill’ constitutes gambling”. – Gamblers Anonymous. For most people, slot machines, blackjack, lotto, the pool table, horse racing and visiting casinos represent harmless, stress-relieving activities. However, for some, what begins as a frivolous and casual hobby can develop into pathological gambling, which is a progressive illness that can destroy both the sufferer and those around them. As time progresses, the casual gambler becomes addicted to betting larger amounts and taking greater risks. Pathological gamblers suffer from a loss of control and denial. A significant number of them have either attempted suicide or have actually taken their own lives. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be a pathological gambler, take our pathological gambling self-assessment test or contact us.  

Codependency

Codependency is passed down from one generation to the next Codependency is a learned behaviour that is passed down from one generation to the next. It is an emotional and behavioural condition which affects someone’s ability to have a healthy, mutually-satisfying relationship. It is also known as “relationship addiction” because people with codependency often form or maintain relationships that are one-sided, emotionally destructive or abusive.

Codependency is learned by watching and imitating other family members. Symptoms of codependency: Needing to control or “fix” situations Needing to control or “fix” other people Blaming situations and other people for your feelings Difficulty in trusting others Perfectionism Avoiding your own real feelings Problems with, or fear of, intimacy Hyper-vigilance (a heightened awareness of potential threats/danger) Living through, or for, another person

The Kusnacht Practice understands the difficulties and trauma that can be experienced by the families and loved ones of our clients. We believe that they need treatment as much as our clients do. Accordingly, we strongly recommend our Family Program, which not only enables family members to support their loved one during their treatment at our treatment centre but also allows us to provide the support and treatment that they need themselves. Additionally, we offer a full treatment program for people who are experiencing codependency issues and require help. Who does codependency affect? Codependency often affects spouses, parents, siblings, children, friends or co-workers of a person suffering from an alcohol/drug addiction or other psychological disorder. Originally, the term “codependent” was used to describe partners who lived with, or were in a relationship with, an addicted person. Similar patterns have been seen among people in relationships with chronically-ill or mentally-ill individuals. Nowadays, however, the term has broadened to describe any codependent person from any dysfunctional family.

The dysfunctional family and how it leads to codependency A dysfunctional family is one whose members suffer from fear, anger, pain, or shame which is ignored or denied. Underlying problems may include any of the following: A family member’s addiction to drugs, alcohol, relationships, work, food, sex or gambling. The existence of physical, emotional or sexual abuse. The presence of a family member suffering from a chronic mental or physical illness. Dysfunctional families do not acknowledge or confront the existence of their problems, which causes family members to repress their emotions and disregard their own needs.

They become “survivors” and develop strategies to help them deny, ignore or avoid difficult emotions. They detach themselves. They don’t talk. They don’t touch. They don’t confront. They don’t feel. They don’t trust. The emotional development of the members of a dysfunctional family is often inhibited. Attention and energy are focused on the needy family member(s), with the codependent person typically sacrificing their own needs in the process. When codependents rank other people’s health, welfare and safety above their own, they lose contact with their own needs, desires and sense of self. How do codependent people behave? Codependents have low self-esteem and look for anything outside themselves to make them feel better.

They find it hard to “be themselves”. Some try to feel better through alcohol and drugs and may become addicts themselves. Others may develop compulsive behaviours, such as gambling or sex and love addiction. Codependents have good intentions. They try to care for a person who is experiencing difficulties, but their care becomes compulsive and self-defeating. Their repeated rescue attempts allow the needy individual to continue on their destructive course which, in turn, makes them even more dependent on the unhealthy care provided by the codependent. As such reliance increases, the codependent develops a sense of reward and satisfaction from feeling needed. When their care becomes compulsive, codependents feels helpless in their relationships, but are unable to break their cycle of behaviour which causes and reinforces it.

When codependency hits home: The first step in changing unhealthy behaviour is to understand it. It is important for codependents, and when possible their family members, to educate themselves on the course and cycle of addiction and how it affects their relationships. Considerable change and growth are necessary for codependents and their families. Any behaviour that allows or enables abuse to continue in their relationships needs to be recognised and stopped. The codependent must identify and embrace their own feelings and needs. This may include learning to say no, to be loving yet tough and to be self-reliant. Codependents can find freedom, love and serenity in recovery. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be codependent, take our codependency self-assessment test or contact us.]

Burnout

An inability to process stress in a healthy manner Burnout is an anxiety disorder involving long-term exhaustion and diminished interest in everyday life. It is a state of emotional, mental and physical exhaustion caused by excessive and prolonged stress. It occurs when someone feels overwhelmed and unable to meet the constant demands they face.

As their stress continues, they begin to lose the interest or motivation which led them to take on a certain role in the first place. Burnout reduces a person’s productivity and saps their energy, leaving them feeling increasingly helpless, hopeless, cynical, angry and resentful. Eventually, they may feel as if they have nothing more to give. Most of us have days when we feel bored, overloaded, or unappreciated; when the dozen balls we are juggling aren’t noticed, let alone rewarded; when dragging ourselves out of bed requires the determination of Hercules. If someone feels like this most of the time, they may be suffering from burnout. Symptoms of burnout:

The various symptoms of burnout may include: 1.A desire to escape 2.Inner emptiness 3.Increased indecisiveness 4.Erratic or incongruent emotions 5.An indifferent (“don’t care”) attitude 6.Feelings of lacking control over your life 7.Decreased motivation, including reduced social interest 8.Decreased desire for things you used to desire, including food, sex or entertainment 9.Physical problems, including heart palpitations, recurrent or lingering sicknesses, chest pains, aching or allergies 10.Depression 11.Anger 12.Panic attacks 13.Increased use of alcohol or other drugs What is stress and how does it lead to burnout?

The stress which a person feels results from how they react to the life stressors they experience. Stressors include problems at work, unemployment, financial difficulties, arguments, a heavy workload or the loss of a loved one. Everyone responds to such stressors differently, which explains why different levels of stress are experienced by different people who encounter the same situation. How many stressors a person experiences determines how much stress exists in a given situation. How that stress is processed determines how much stress each particular person feels and how close they are to burnout. One person may experience very few stressors but fail to process them well, which can lead to burnout. Someone else may experience an enormous amount of stressors but process each of them in a healthy manner and not feel a high level of stress or experience burnout.

Stress is not the same as burnout, but burnout originates from stress. When someone experiences a set of stressors and fails to process them in a healthy manner, they experience a high level of stress which grows with each new stressful experience. If someone continues to experience stress and fails to process it properly, they are on the path to burnout. Burnout is commonly encountered in the work environment, but it can be experienced by anyone and in any situation. It exists when a person is unable to function adequately and when they have no more physical, emotional or nervous energy left.

Losses caused by burnout Burnout causes many losses which can often go unrecognized and can trap a great deal of energy. It takes a tremendous amount of emotional control for someone to seek to avoid feeling the pain that comes from such losses. When we allow ourselves to recognize such losses and to grieve them, we release our trapped energy and open ourselves up to healing. The losses caused by burnout can include: Loss of the idealism or dream that you had when beginning your career Loss of the role or identity that your job originally gave you Loss of physical and emotional energy Loss of friends, fun and a sense of community Loss of self-esteem and any sense of control over your own life Loss of the joy, meaning and purpose that make work and life worthwhile If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from burnout, please contact us.

Chronic Pain

Emotional problems are often the underlying cause According to the US National Institute of Health: “Chronic pain is often defined as any pain lasting more than 12 weeks. Whereas acute pain is a normal sensation that alerts us to possible injury, chronic pain is very different. Chronic pain persists – often for months or even longer”. A popular alternative definition of chronic pain, involving no arbitrarily fixed duration, is “pain that extends beyond the expected period of healing”.

We have all experienced pain of one type or another, whether the sharp pain of an open wound, the dull throb of a headache or the persistent stabbing of sore, overworked muscles. Regardless of the type of pain we experience, we desire relief. It is important to remember that pain serves an important purpose in letting us know that something is wrong and needs to be addressed. Nevertheless, “pain that extends beyond the expected period of healing” no longer serves its intended function and may be the result of an emotional disturbance, rather than the body’s attempts to signal a physical problem. In his book “A Day without Pain”, Mel Pohl identified 10 questions concerning chronic pain: 1. Why does pain exist? What function does it serve? 2. Pain exists to protect us from injury and, if injured, it protects us from further damage. 3. What is the difference between acute and chronic pain? 4. The only thing that acute and chronic pain have in common is the word “pain.” Acute pain ends when the body heals and the need for the pain is gone. Chronic pain never ends – the alarm clock goes off and continues to buzz – it annoys, distracts from everyday life, irritates, frustrates and doesn’t go away. 5. What part of pain is associated with emotions? What percentage of chronic pain is emotional? 80% or more of the experience of chronic pain is emotional. 6. Why won’t the pain just go away? The brain and the nervous system have changed and they won’t change back – not that they can’t change back – therefore, a single-lane road becomes a four-lane highway, nerves are sensitized and their threshold for firing is lower, or they fire spontaneously and the nervous system’s ability to down-regulate or turn-off the pain signal is diminished. 7. What makes pain worse or better?

Pain intensifiers include fear, anger, sadness, loneliness and guilt. Distraction, movement, breathing, relaxing and accepting make pain better. 8. Will I ever be free of pain? Perhaps not entirely free of pain, but certainly able to experience less pain at times and to be better able to accept pain when it occurs. We often don’t notice the times when we get temporary relief from pain if we simply focus on how bad it is. 9. Why do I have to do things that hurt in order to get better? The fear-avoidance cycle consists of avoiding movement because it hurts. Over time, this results in being less able to move because movement causes more pain and so on. The solution is to move and stretch, despite our initial discomfort, since this eventually results in better mobility and improved self-efficacy. Stretching and increased movement correlate with lower pain levels. 10. How does chronic pain affect my family? Since it affects every aspect of your life, it also affects every aspect of their self-esteem and self-worth, satisfaction with life, emotions and sense of well-being.

They feel your pain! 11. How can I get better from chronic pain? The first step in getting better is to let go of the desire or need to be pain free. The next step is to be willing to see that the emotional nature of your suffering represents your way out. Working around the edges of the pain. Taking responsibility for your actions with respect to functioning and the use of medication. 12. Why do I hold on to my pain? We hold on to our pain for a variety of reasons related to secondary gain, which is typically an unconscious driver of our discomfort – subtle benefits that we achieve to drive us towards having more pain.

These include not having to participate in activities, having an excuse to withdraw, allowing us to avoid emotions, justifying the taking of medications etc. Many people have become addicted to medications and illegal drugs in their attempts to seek relief from their chronic physical pain, when often the pain is actually a manifestation of unresolved emotional trauma. If you are concerned that you, or someone you care about, may be suffering from chronic pain, please contact us.

Treatment Of Nicotine Addiction

Breaking The Chains Of Nicotine Slavery

Our goal for each chemically-dependent client is abstinence from all mood altering substances, one day at a time. To reach this goal, we treat the entire person: body, mind and spirit. It is important to recognise that nicotine addiction develops from a combination of physical, psychological, biochemical, genetic and social factors.

Our goal is to identify the underlying causes of the addiction and to restore a healthy approach to self-perception and coping mechanisms, so that our clients are able to lead a normal life. Our holistic approach includes the following: 1 Our ultimate priority is to identify and treat the underlying causes of the addiction – physical, psychological, biochemical, genetic and social. 2 Upon arrival, our clients are admitted to our partner hospital (the Mannedorf hospital) for one to seven days, where our medical team supervises their safe withdrawal from the drug(s) to which they are addicted.

We ensure that the client does not experience any complications and we minimise the discomfort of the withdrawal process. 3 Whilst our client is in the hospital, our specialists complete a full medical examination, involving comprehensive biochemical and neurochemical testing, which includes a genetic swab and the sampling of blood, urine, saliva and hair. We also perform several other assessments, including psychiatric, social-chemical and nutrition-and-lifestyle.

At this time, an addictions counsellor is assigned to begin the counselling process, commencing with an addiction assessment. 4 On the basis of these assessments, working together with the psychotherapist and the client, our clinical team creates a detailed treatment plan which will determine the length of primary treatment, normally lasting from six to twelve weeks. 5 Upon leaving the hospital, our client moves to one of our exclusive, luxury residences. 6 Our treatment of the underlying causes of the addiction includes creating a tailor-made formulation of micronutrients and amino acids to counter any imbalances that are identified in the biochemical and neurochemical testing. This formulation is as unique as the client’s fingerprint.

The laboratory findings are also used to determine the menu cooked by the client’s personal gourmet chef, to maximize the biochemical and neurochemical restoration process. 7 Medication is prescribed only as a last resort, when symptoms are severe and fail to respond to Biochemical Restoration and other forms of therapy. Our goal is for clients to be drug-free and, just as importantly, free of their side-effects. 8 We will, when possible, invite the client’s most important family members to attend a 2-day Family Systems Therapy program during the client’s treatment. This is not mandatory, but we strongly encourage it.

The participating family members will gain an understanding of their loved one’s disorder and how they are involved in it. Such therapy can result in family members themselves deciding to seek treatment to address their own dysfunctional behaviour and pain. 9 Continuing care is crucial to long-term recovery. It is relatively easy for a client to be abstinent in the clinical environment, whereas the real challenge is for them to remain abstinent and to continue their recovery after returning home.

To address this, we have a Continuing Care Program which can include a mentor or psychotherapist returning home with the client to support their re-engagement with their home, family, work, school and friends. Just as importantly, the psychotherapist helps the client to adapt their lifestyle to their recovery program. Other elements of the program can include daily telephone/Skype calls for the first critical period of time and return visits to the Kusnacht Practice (or home visits by a member of our clinical team), at first on a monthly basis, then quarterly for the first year and then at a declining frequency until the end of year two. Continuing care can last from anywhere between a few days to 2 years and, combined with 12-Step support groups, it greatly increases the likelihood of a long-term recovery.

Individualized Treatment

The Kusnacht Practice provides an individualized treatment approach to meet the precise needs of each client. We only treat clients individually, not in groups, so our entire clinical team (comprising doctors, psychiatrists, psychotherapists, counsellors and nutritionists) and our complementary therapy team (comprising yoga instructors, acupuncturists, reflexologists, masseurs and personal trainers) work with just one client and their family. We look beneath the symptoms as a way to understand the function of addictive behaviour in the client’s life. Once we identify the underlying causes of our client’s disorder, we treat them using research-based interventions.

A Unique and Effective Approach

We work with clients to help them regain control over their symptoms, to resolve trauma and to enable them to develop the skills necessary to let go of addictive thinking and behaviour in their day-to-day lives. We use pharmaceuticals only as a last resort. Treatment may include some or all of the following: 1 Medically-supervised withdrawal from the drug(s) to which our client is addicted. All withdrawal treatments are medically supervised. 2 Detoxification to rid the body of the toxins it has accumulated from our environment and the food, water and drugs that we ingest. This helps to stop craving.

We use saunas, special detox agents, diet and exercise to achieve this. All alcohol and other drugs detoxification treatments are medically supervised. 3 Testing and laboratory work to determine the biochemical and neurochemical imbalances of each client. Based on these results, we produce a computer-generated formulation of micronutrients and amino acids to restore biochemical and neurochemical balance. The formulation is as unique as the client’s fingerprint.

The laboratory findings are also used to determine the menu cooked by the client’s personal gourmet chef, to maximise the biochemical and neurochemical restoration process. 4 Psychotherapy to discover and treat the underlying psychological issues that led to the onset of the addiction and any other psychiatric, personality, social or family issues identified in the treatment plan.

Psychotherapy can involve:   Cognitive therapies Clinical hypnotherapy/trance work Mindfulness work   Somatic experiencing EMDR to erase triggers and stressors   Positive psychology Family systems therapy   5 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) – the use of magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression. 6 My Brain SolutionsTM – scientifically-designed computer exercises that target attention, memory, flexibility, stress-reduction and positivity. 7 Complementary therapies, including:   Yoga Meditation Personal Training Satori Chair Sessions   Acupuncture Art/music therapy Reflexology   Alpha-Stim Sessions to relieve pain, anxiety, depression or insomnia   Massage Use of the spa at the The Dolder Grand Hotel   8 Nutrition and lifestyle coaching 9 An intensive Psycho-Educational program, including a handbook containing relevant topics for each client and family member involved in the treatment program. 10 Completing some or all of the 12-Steps of Nicotine Anonymous (NA). 11 Attending NA and other pertinent support group meetings. 12 Spiritual counselling. 13 A two-day Family Systems Therapy program. 14 Providing an intensive Continuing Care Program for the client and family members, which often involves a mentor returning home with the client to help them adjust to their new life.

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